Maptitude for Redistricting is the professional tool for political redistricting! North Carolina has faced a number of challenges to redistricting plans since the 2010 redistricting cycle. The "Rucho Senate 2" Senate district plan was enacted on July 27, 2011 (Session Law 2011-413). It was used for the 2012 through 2016 elections. On May 19, 2015 plaintiffs filed a complaint against the state in the US District Court for the Middle District of North Carolina on the basis of racial gerrymandering in violation of the Equal Protection Clause of the Fourteenth Amendment to the United States Constitution.
The trial court deemed Senate districts 4, 5, 14, 20, 21, 28, 32, 38 and 40 as unconstitutional on August 11, 2016 and ordered a new map to be drawn for the 2017 Special Election. The US Supreme Court confirmed liability on direct appeal but vacated the order for a special election.
The state drew new districts ("Bill 691, 4th Ed"), passed the North Carolina Legislature on August 30, 2017. The new districts were not accepted by the trial court on the basis that the legislature had not done enough to remedy the racial gerrymandering violation, and gone beyond the scope of the complaint by making changes to Wake and Mecklenberg counties. The trial court appointed a Special Master to draw new plans which were on January 21, 2018.
On June 28, 2018, the US Supreme Court affirmed the trial court's decision to adopt the Special Master's plans.
Map: Created with Maptitude Mapping Software by Caliper, June 2019